Main Fact about Deserts:
- Location— Africa
- Size— World’s largest hot desert touching 11 countries.
- It has gravel plains and elevated plateaus with bare rocky surface.
- It has harsh climate but still it is inhabited by various groups of people.
- Important Minerals Found here— Iron, phosphorus, manganese and uranium.
- Location— It lies in the great Himalayas, on the eastern side of Jammu and Kashmir.
- Climate — The area undergo freezing winds but burning hot sunlight.
- Vegetation— Scarce vegetation due to high aridity.
- Animals— Wild sheep, wild goats, yak and special kind of dogs are reared for milk, meat and hides.
The world’s largest desert is Antarctica.
The original meaning of the word desert is ‘an abandoned place’.
Around one third of the Earth’s surface is covered in deserts.
Many of the ice free regions of the Arctic and Antarctic are known as polar deserts.
Only around 20% of the deserts on Earth are covered in sand.
The largest cold desert on Earth is Antarctica & the largest hot desert is Sahara.
The Sahara Desert is located in northern Africa, spanning 11 different countries.
The Atacama Desert, is located in South America and is known as the driest place in the world. Even after this 1 million people are staying there.
List of Deserts of the world :
|2||Arctic||Cold Winter||13,985,000||Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia|
|3||Sahara||Subtropical||9,000,000+||North Africa (Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia and Western Sahara)|
|4||Arabian Desert||Subtropical||2,330,000||Western Asia (Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen)|
|5||Gobi Desert||Cold Winter||1,000,000||Central Asia (Mongolia)|
|6||Kalahari Desert||Subtropical||900,000||Southern Africa (Angola, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa)|
|7||Great Victoria Desert||Subtropical||647,000||Australia|
|8||Patagonian Desert||Cold Winter||620,000||South America (Argentina and Chile)|
|9||Syrian Desert||Subtropical||520,000||Western Asia (Iraq, Jordan, and Syria)|
|10||Great Basin Desert||Cold Winter||492,000||United States|
|11||Chihuahuan Desert||Subtropical||450,000||North America (Mexico and United States)|
|12||Great Sandy Desert||Subtropical||400,000||Australia|
|13||Karakum Desert||Cold Winter||350,000||Turkmenistan|
|14||Colorado Plateau||Cold Winter||337,000||United States|
|15||Sonoran Desert||Subtropical||310,000||North America (Mexico and United States)|
|16||Kyzylkum Desert||Cold Winter||300,000||Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan)|
|17||Taklamakan Desert||Cold Winter||270,000||China|
|18||Thar Desert||Subtropical||200,000||South Asia (India, Pakistan)|
|23||Atacama Desert||Cool Coastal||140,000||South America (Chile and Peru)|
|24||Mojave Desert||Subtropical||124,000||United States|
|25||Namib Desert||Cool Coastal||81,000||Southern Africa (Angola and Namibia)|