New Pattern Reasoning Questions Set 2

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Directions (1-2): In each question below, are given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
Give answer:
(a) if only I follows.
(b) if either I or II follows.
(c) if neither I nor II follows.
(d) if both I and II follow.
(e) if only II follows.

1. Statement: Fake currency is being supplied to India through the bus service that comes from Pakistan.
Course of action:
I. Indian government should stop all bus service which comes from Pakistan.
II. Indian police should check the bus properly and keep proper vigilance in the bus which comes from Pakistan.

Ans.(e)
Sol. Stopping the bus service is not the solution of the problem. So, action I does not follow. To stop the supply of fake currency, Indian police should check the bus properly and keep proper vigilance in the bus.

 

2. Statement: Over the years there has been increasing use of money power in elections.
Course of action:
I. Candidates found indulging in such malpractices should be banned from contesting elections for entire life.
II. Tax should be imposed on the amount of advertisement expenditure incurred in excess of certain limits.

 

 Ans.(c)
Sol. Banning for life is too harsh. So, action I does not follow. Candidates cannot spend beyond the limit set by election commission of India. Tax is calculated on the amount that is spent on paper. So, action II does not follow.

Directions (3-5): Below in each question are given two statements I and II. These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statements. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.
Mark answer (a) : if statements I is the cause and statements II is the effect.
Mark answer (b) : if statements II is the cause and statements I is its effect.
Mark answer (c) : if both the statements I and II are independent causes
Mark answer (d) : if both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
Mark Answer (e) : if both the statements are effects of some common cause.

3. (A) There has been mass recruitment of IT professionals by Indian IT companies.
(B) Many developed countries are increasingly outsourcing IT related functions to India and China.

Ans.(b)
Sol. The mass recruitment of IT professionals by Indian IT companies is due to the work companies are getting from the developed countries. So, statement (B) is the cause while (A) is its effect.

 

4. (A) The price of aircraft fuel has risen during the past few months.
(B) Many passenger airlines in India have been forced to cut their air fares by about 10 percent.

Ans.(d)

Sol. Both statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes

5. (A) There have been sporadic events of stone pelting throughout the day in the affected areas of the city.
(B) Many wounded people were brought to the nearby hospitals from the affected areas of the city.

 Ans.(a)
Sol. Statement (A) is the cause while (B) is its effect.

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