Nuclear and Space Research Centers in India PDF




List of Important Nuclear & Space Research Centers in India:

S.No. Nuclear and Space Research Centers Location Year of Establishment
1. India Rare Earths Limited Aluva (Alwaye), Kerala 1950
2. Uranium Corporation of India Jadugoda, Jharkhand 1967
3. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Mumbai 1948
4. Electronics Corporation of India Hyderabad 1967
5. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) Trombay (Mumbai) 1957
6. Radio Astronomy Centre Udhagamandalam (Ooty), Tamil Nadu 1968
7. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Mumbai 1945
8. Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics Kolkata 1949
9. Nuclear Fuel Complex Hyderabad 1971
10. Nuclear Power Complex Mumbai
11. Centre of Earth Science’s studies Thiruvananthapuram (Trivendrum), Kerala 1978
12. Physical Research Laboratory Ahmedabad 1947
13. Space Commission Bengaluru (Bangalore)
14. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre Thiruvananthapuram 1963
15. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Bengaluru (Bangalore) 1969
16. Space Application Centre Ahmedabad 1972
17. Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station Thumba (Kerala) 1962
18. Indian Scientific Satellite Project Bengaluru (Bangalore) 1972
19. College of Satellite Communication Technology Ahmedabad
20. Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics Kolkata 1949

 

Vikram Sarabhai

  • Vikram Sarabhai was the main person behind India’s first satellite Aryabhata.
  • Very few people know that, it was Vikram Sarabhai’s efforts that brought television to India with his consistent communication with NASA.
  • He was the main person behind the genesis of Operations Research Group (ORG) which was the first market research organization in India.
  • V ikram Sarabhai convinced the Indian government to set up Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

ISRO

  • The Budget of ISRO is much less than many other countries space organizations, still ISRO is doing a good job! ISRO made itself gleam by creating the cheapest mission to mars. Its Mars Orbiter Mission cost about ₹450 Crore (US$73 million), with an average of ₹12/km travelled.
  • ISRO has also developed various satellites to monitor the weather situation around the country. Its INSAT-3DR is an advanced meteorological (weather observation) satellite to provide the necessary inputs required for accurate weather forecasting.

BARC

  • BARC handles all facets of nuclear power generation.
  • Bhabha got recognition initially after he devised the correct expression for scattering electrons, by the process he devised, called Bhabha scattering.
  • BARC designed India’s first pressurized water reactor of 80mw capacity at Kalpakkam
  • The organization played a significant role in making India the 6th country in the world to have a nuclear submarine.

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