Scientific Names of Animals and Birds




Amphibians and Reptiles

Common Name Scientific Name
frog, canyon treefrog Hyla arenicolor Cope
lizard
banded gecko Coleonyx variegatus Baird
desert iguana Dipsosaurus dorsalis Baird and Girard
Gila monster Heloderma suspectum Cope
side-blotched lizard Uta stansburiana Baird and Girard
whiptail lizard Cnemidophorus spp (6)
salamander, tiger Ambystoma tigrinum Green
snake
blind snake, western Leptotyphlops humilis Baird and Girard
bullsnake (or gopher snake) Pituophis melanoleucus Daudin
burrowing snake, banded Chilomeniscus cinctus Cope
coral snake, Arizona Micruroides euryxanthus Kennicott
garter snake, checkered Thamnophis marcianus Baird and Girard
glossy snake Arizona elegans Kennicott
leaf-nosed snake, saddled Phyllorhynchus browni Stejneger
leaf-nosed snake, spotted P. decurtatus Cope
long-nosed snake Rhinocheilus lecontei Baird and Girard
shovel-nosed snake, Sonora Chionactis palarostris Kaluber
shovel-nosed snake, western C. occipitalis Hallowell
whipsnake (or coachwhip) Masticophis flagellum Shaw
whipsnake, striped M. taeniatus Hallowell
toad
Colorado River toad Bufo alvarius Girard
Great Plains toad B. cognatus Say
spadefoot toad, Couch’s Scaphiopus couchi Baird
spadefoot toad, western S. (Spea) hammondi Baird
tortoise, desert Gopherus agassizi Cooper

Mammals

Common Name Scientific Name
antelope, prong-horned Antilocapra americana (Ord)
badger Taxidea taxus (Shreber)
bats *
free-tailed Tadarida spp (3)
mastif Eumops spp (2)
plain-nosed Myotis spp (9)
bear, black Euarctos americanus (Pallas)
beaver Castor canadensis Kuhle
bobcat Lynx rufus (Shreber)
chipmunk Eutamias spp (4)
coati (or coatimundi) Nasua narica (Linnaeus)
coyote Canis latrans Say
deer
mule (or black-tailed) Odocoileus hemionus (Rafinesque)
white-tailed (or eastern) O. virginianus (Zimmermann)
elk Cervus canadensis (Erxleben)
fox
gray Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Shreber)
Kit Vulpes macrotis Merriam
gopher, pocket Thomomys spp (3)
javelina Pecari tajacu (Linnaeus)
mountain lion Felis concolor Linnaeus
mouse (most common)
cactus Peromyscus eremicus (Baird)
pinyon P. truei (Shufeldt) **
pocket Perognathus spp (10)
muskrat Ondatra zibethica (Linnaeus)
otter, river Lutra canadensis (Shreber)
prairie dog, Gunnison’s Cynomys gunnisoni
porcupine Erethizon dorsatum Linnaeus
rabbit
cottontail Sylvilagus spp (3)
jack Lepus spp (2)
raccoon Procyon lotor (Linnaeus)
rat
kangaroo Dipodomys spp (5)
pack Neotoma albigula Hartley
wood Neotoma spp (4)
ringtail Bassariscus astutus (Lichenstein)
sheep, bighorn Ovis canadensis Shaw
shrew
desert Notiosorex crawfordi (Coues)
vagrant (and others) Sorex spp (4)
skunk
hog-nosed Conepatus mesoleucus Lichenstein
hooded Mephitis macroura (Lichenstein)
striped M. mephitis (Shreber)
spotted Spilogale putorius (Linnaeus)
squirrel
Abert’s Sciurus aberti Woodhouse
Kaibab Sub S. aberti
Apache S. apache J.A. Allen
Arizona gray S. arizonensis (Coues)
red Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
ground Citellus spp (7)
vole
long-tailed Microtus longicaudus Merriam
Mexican M. Mexicanus (Saussure)
montane M. montanus (Peale)

 

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