The Hindu Vocabulary – 03.07.2017

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Today’s article, ‘Pay to publish: making paid news an electoral offence’ has been picked from
‘The Hindu’.

Challenging Words in the Article –

1) Adjudicate (निर्णय करना )  (verb) –  ad-ju-di-keyt
Meaning – 
to make a decision on an issue ,  give/declare a verdict (on a disputed matter).
Synonyms 
– Judge , decide , umpire,
Antonyms – Ignore , adjurn , avoid
Example –
 In a national criminal case, the federal authorities are the ones who adjudicate the charges.

2) Masquerade ( स्वाँग रचना ,छद्मवेश ) (verb) – mas-ker-eyd
Meaning – 
to assume a false identity
Synonyms 
– disguise , pretend , mask
Antonyms – reveal , display , unmask
Example –
 In front of the media, the crooked politician will masqueradeas a decent human being.

3) Abet (उकसाना )(verb) – a-bet
Meaning –  
Encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong, 
Synonyms –
Support , promote , help
Antonyms – Obstruct , discourage , hinder
Example –
 If you abet violence in your home, you should not be surprised if your children grow up to be abusers.

4) Notional (अनुमानित ,काल्पनिक ) (adjective)-noh-shun-nl
Meaning –
 a person or thing that comes before somebody/something similar and that leads to its development , Indication (noun)
Synonyms 
– Imaginary , fanciful , hypothetical
Antonyms – Real , existing , actual
Example – 
In mathematics , before calculating the actual value , we assign the terms a notional value.

5)Circumvent ( दरकिनार)  (verb) – cir-cum-vent
Meaning –
 Overcome (a problem or difficulty) in a clever and surreptitious way ,to get around something 
Synonyms –
Avoid , bypass , escape
Antonyms –
confront , allow , permit
Example – 
If we do not find a way to circumvent this problem, we will not be able to finish the project.

6)Prejudicially (प्रतिकूल) (adverb)  – prej-u-di-cial-ly
Meaning –
 Harmful to someone or something
Synonyms –
 detrimentally , adversly , disadvntageously
Antonyms – Goodly , helpfully , positively
Example –
 At this stage Denmark’s foreign relations prejudicially affected her domestic politics.

7) Stall (बाधा डालना) (verb) -stawl
Meaning –
 to stop or prevent progress or advancement
Synonyms – obstruct , stop , hinder
Antonyms – proceed , allow
Example –
The whole point of a red light is to stall the flow of traffic by stopping all of the cars coming its way.

8) Expeditiously (शीघ्र) (adverb) –  ex-pe-di-tious-ly
Meaning –
 with speed and efficiency.
Synonyms – 
quickly , swiftly , promptly
Antonyms – inefficiently ,exhaustively , delayed
Example – 
The patients  needing urgent surgery are taken care of expeditiously.

9) Plea (दलील) (noun)
Meaning – a request made in an urgent and emotional manner.
Synonyms – 
Appeal , request , justification , excuse
Antonyms- 
Instruction , charge , command
Example – 
The judge permitted the plea of the petitioner.

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