Today’s article, ‘Pay to publish: making paid news an electoral offence’ has been picked from
Challenging Words in the Article –
1) Adjudicate (निर्णय करना ) (verb) – ad-ju-di-keyt
Meaning – to make a decision on an issue , give/declare a verdict (on a disputed matter).
Synonyms – Judge , decide , umpire,
Antonyms – Ignore , adjurn , avoid
Example – In a national criminal case, the federal authorities are the ones who adjudicate the charges.
2) Masquerade ( स्वाँग रचना ,छद्मवेश ) (verb) – mas-ker-eyd
Meaning – to assume a false identity
Synonyms – disguise , pretend , mask
Antonyms – reveal , display , unmask
Example – In front of the media, the crooked politician will masqueradeas a decent human being.
3) Abet (उकसाना )(verb) – a-bet
Meaning – Encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong,
Synonyms –Support , promote , help
Antonyms – Obstruct , discourage , hinder
Example – If you abet violence in your home, you should not be surprised if your children grow up to be abusers.
4) Notional (अनुमानित ,काल्पनिक ) (adjective)-noh-shun-nl
Meaning – a person or thing that comes before somebody/something similar and that leads to its development , Indication (noun)
Synonyms – Imaginary , fanciful , hypothetical
Antonyms – Real , existing , actual
Example – In mathematics , before calculating the actual value , we assign the terms a notional value.
5)Circumvent ( दरकिनार) (verb) – cir-cum-vent
Meaning – Overcome (a problem or difficulty) in a clever and surreptitious way ,to get around something
Synonyms –Avoid , bypass , escape
Antonyms –confront , allow , permit
Example – If we do not find a way to circumvent this problem, we will not be able to finish the project.
6)Prejudicially (प्रतिकूल) (adverb) – prej-u-di-cial-ly
Meaning – Harmful to someone or something
Synonyms – detrimentally , adversly , disadvntageously
Antonyms – Goodly , helpfully , positively
Example – At this stage Denmark’s foreign relations prejudicially affected her domestic politics.
7) Stall (बाधा डालना) (verb) -stawl
Meaning – to stop or prevent progress or advancement
Synonyms – obstruct , stop , hinder
Antonyms – proceed , allow
Example –The whole point of a red light is to stall the flow of traffic by stopping all of the cars coming its way.
8) Expeditiously (शीघ्र) (adverb) – ex-pe-di-tious-ly
Meaning – with speed and efficiency.
Synonyms – quickly , swiftly , promptly
Antonyms – inefficiently ,exhaustively , delayed
Example – The patients needing urgent surgery are taken care of expeditiously.
9) Plea (दलील) (noun)
Meaning – a request made in an urgent and emotional manner.
Synonyms – Appeal , request , justification , excuse
Antonyms- Instruction , charge , command
Example – The judge permitted the plea of the petitioner.