The Hindu Vocabulary – 13.07.2017

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Today’s article, ‘The waiting game: Nitish’s mixed political signals may be a calculated plan‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’.

Challenging Words in the Article –

1) Ascendant (प्रबल) (Adjective): ah-sen-dunt
Meaning – – rising in power or influence.
Synonyms – Supreme , dominant , superior ,flourishing, prospering.
Antonyms – descendant , minor
Example – He’s very much in the ascendant in Hollywood.

2) Coalesce (संगठित होना) (Verb): koh-uh-les
Meaning – to join into a single mass
Synonyms – combine, merge/unite, come together.
Antonyms – Seperate , divide , breakup
Example – Even though the Indian girl and Pakistani girl were from such contrasting societies, they managed to coalesce their cultures to hold the First Thanksgiving together in peaceful celebration.

3) Castigate (पीटना , डांटना ) (Verb): kas-ti-geyt
Meaning – to criticize someone or something severely
Synonyms – criticize, censure, reprimand/rebuke, Browbeat
Antonyms – Praise , compliment , laud
Example – If you want better results, you should praise your children and not castigate them.

4)Flutter ( स्पंदन) (Noun): fluht-er
Meaning – fly unsteadily or hover by flapping the wings quickly and lightly.
Synonyms – Quiver , flap , shake
Antonyms – Still , unruffled ,slickness
Example – If something light such as a small bird or a piece of paper flutters somewhere, it moves through the air with small quick movements.

5) One-off (विशिष्ट) (Adjective):- one-off
Meaning – limited to a single time, occasion, or instance
Synonyms – Unique , rarity , anomalous , infrequent
Antonyms- Common , everyday , ordinary , frequent
Example – Will you be doing more talks in the future or was that just a one-off ?

6) Forge (बनाना)(Adjective) : forge
Meaning – make or shape (a metal object) by heating it or hammering it ,create (something) strong, enduring, or successful.
Synonyms – build, construct, create.
Antonyms -Abolish , destroy , eradicate
Example – The President is determined to forge a new relationship with the Chinese Premier in order to improve trade between the two nations.

7) Vociferous (मुखर) (Adjective) : voh-sif-er-us
Meaning – expressing or characterized by vehement opinions; loud and forceful.
Synonyms – Clamorous , Noisy , Blatant
Antonyms – Quiet , gentle , silent
Example – He was vociferous in his support of the proposal.

8) Nonetheless (बहरहाल) (Adverb): nun-the-less
Meaning – in spite of that
Synonyms – Having said that ,however, despite that.
Example – The rally, which the government had declared illegal, was nonetheless attended by 6000 people.

9) Come up with (प्रस्ताव) (Phrasal verb)
Meaning – produce (something), especially when pressured or challenged.
Synonyms – propose, put forward, present/introduce.
Antonyms – Deny , dissuade ,pass by . miss
Example -The police interviewed a number of witnesses, but weren’t able to come up with any new information.

10) At the expense of ( बलिदान)(Phrase)
Meaning – so as to cause harm to or neglect of.
Synonyms – sacrifice, loss, neglect of.
Example – I chose to repair the roof at the expense of replacing the carpet.

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