The Hindu Vocabulary – 14.07.2017

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Today’s article, ‘A dangerous turn: on the violence in Basirhat‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’.

Challenging Words in the Article –

1) Alacrity (तत्परता) (Noun): Ah-lak-ri-tee
Meaning – Liveliness and eagerness; cheerful readiness
Synonyms – Enthusiasm, readiness, briskness, willingness,
Antonyms – laziness, apathy, reluctance
Example -Having studied really hard last night, the student took the exam with alacrity.

2) Vandalisation (तोड़फोड़ ) (Noun): van-dal-ai-ze-shun
Meaning – the act of deliberately destroying or damaging public or private property.
Synonyms – destruction, ruin, damage, annihilation
Antonyms – Creation, construction, renaissance, building
Example – Due to vandalization in the past, a security system has been installed in the house.

3)Wanton ( प्रचंड) (Adjective): won-tn
Meaning – having no concern for the rights, feelings, or safety of others
Synonyms – Immoral, Profligate, lewd, unprovoked
Antonyms – Moral, kind, decent
Example – The man is probably going to get the death penalty for his wanton killing of six schoolchildren.

4) Contestation (मुक़ाबला) (Noun): con-tes-ta-tion
Meaning – The action or process of disputing or arguing.
Synonyms – fight, confrontation, conflict.
Antonyms-consesnsus, negotiation, agreement
Example -The statement is certainly open to contestation among reasonable people

5) Assiduously (परिश्रम से)(Adverb): as-sid-u-ous-ly
Meaning – marked by care and persistent effort
Synonyms – diligently, carefully, meticulously.
Antonyms – Casually, indolently, Unhardworkingly
Example – I finish those financial reports weeks ahead of schedule assiduously.

6) Terrain (इलाक़ा) (Noun): ter-rayn
Meaning -the attributes of a geographic region
Synonyms – region, territory, land, area
Antonyms -sky, air, space
Example – If you’ll be travelling on muddy roads, you should purchase tires suitable for that terrain.

7) Pander (बढ़ावा देना) (Verb): pan-der
Meaning – to spoil a person by giving him his desires, usually something immoral or illegal
Synonyms – indulge, gratify, fulfil.
Antonyms – deny, dissatisfy
Example – I hate reality shows because I believe they pander to people who enjoy watching immoral activities.

8) Orchestrate (व्यवस्थित करना ) (Verb): awr-kuh-streyt
Meaning – to organise or plan all of the details of an event
Synonyms – organise, arrange, plan.
Antonyms – Disorganise, dislocate
Example – It seemed unlikely that the terrorist was able to orchestrate such a large-scale crime alone.

9) Transpire (प्रकट होना, घटित होना ) (Verb): tran-spire
Meaning – to occur or take place
Synonyms – happen, occur, take place.
Antonyms – Vanish, perish, stop, remove
Example -Although the new law has passed, you should not expect changes to transpire immediately.

10) Spat (झगड़ा)(Noun): spat
Meaning – to quarrel or argue briefly
Synonyms – quarrel, scuffle, tussle.
Antonyms – agreement, concord, acquiescence, harmony
Example – It is often common for siblings to have a spat and start playing again shortly after.

11) Discourse ( बहस, चर्चा)(Noun): dis-course
Meaning -written or spoken communication or debate
Synonyms – debate, argument, discussion.
Antonyms – Silence, quiet, agreeable
Example -A major disadvantage of online discourse is that people can often say whatever they like in complete anonymity.

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